WASHINGTON/LOS ANGELES (Reuters) - The Trump administration announced plans on Wednesday to remove all flavoured e-cigarettes from store shelves in a widening crackdown on vaping, as officials warned that sweet flavours had drawn millions of children into nicotine addiction.
President Donald Trump and top U.S. officials expressed concern about surging teenage use of e-cigarettes, and the move comes as health officials are investigating a handful of deaths and potentially hundreds of lung illnesses tied to vaping.
Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar said that, with Trump’s blessing, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration was working on a “guidance document” that would lead to a ban of all e-cigarette flavours aside from tobacco flavouring.
“Once the FDA would finalise this guidance, we would begin enforcement actions to remove all such products from the marketplace,” Azar told reporters during a meeting with the president and first lady Melania Trump in the Oval Office.
The ban would include mint and menthol flavouring as well as bubble gum, candy, fruit, alcohol and other flavours, he said.
Tobacco flavouring would be allowed to remain, subject to companies’ filing for approval from the FDA. Even that would be at risk if the government determined children were attracted to it or that it was being marketed to them, Azar said.
The move is the most sweeping action yet by the U.S. government to crack down on what it has called an “epidemic” of youth e-cigarette usage.
The FDA in March formally proposed guidelines that would prohibit the sale of flavoured e-cigarette products, except mint and menthol, in traditional retail outlets. Under that proposal, which had not been finalised, e-cigarette makers could still sell flavoured products online and in age-restricted stores, such as vape shops.
Wednesday’s proposal goes much further, banning the sale of all flavoured e-cigarette products across all retail channels, aside from tobacco-flavored products.
Despite the increased public attention around teenage e-cigarette use over the last year, HHS on Wednesday pointed to data showing that the problem has worsened. Preliminary data shows more than a quarter of U.S. high school students used e-cigarettes in the past 30 days. That is up from 20.8% last year and 11.7% in 2017.
Six deaths have been linked to vaping and U.S. public health officials are investigating 450 cases of potential vaping-related lung illness across 33 states and one U.S. territory. Health officials have cited patients’ use of cannabis liquids in many, though not all, of those cases, some of which only involved nicotine vaping.
“We have a problem in our country, it’s a new problem ... and it’s called vaping, especially vaping as it pertains to innocent children,” Trump told reporters in the Oval Office. “There have been deaths and there have been a lot of other problems.”
Juul Labs Inc, which dominates the U.S. e-cigarette market, has faced withering criticism over the last two years after becoming wildly popular among teenagers. The company has taken steps to try to reduce its appeal among youth, including pulling flavours except mint and menthol from traditional retail stores, suspending its social media accounts and toughening age verification online.
In December, Marlboro maker Altria Group Inc (MO.N) made a $12.8 billion investment in Juul, taking a 35% stake.
Juul spokesman Ted Kwong said “we strongly agree with the need for aggressive category-wide action on flavoured products,” adding the company “will fully comply with the final FDA policy when effective.”
A spokesman for Imperial Brands Plc (IMB.L), which sells the Blu line of e-cigarettes, declined to comment.
Kaelan Hollon, a spokeswoman for R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co (BATS.L), which sells Vuse e-cigarettes in the United States, did not directly address the proposed flavor ban but said the company shares the administration’s goal of keeping products away from youth.
Wednesday’s move by the White House comes after more than a year of mounting pressure from lawmakers, public health advocates and parents looking to end marketing of products aimed at youth.
In recent months state and local governments have also stepped in. In June, San Francisco approved a ban on the sale of all e-cigarette products, and last week Michigan Governor Gretchen Whitmer announced plans to ban flavoured e-cigarettes in her state.
A nationwide investigation led by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the FDA has not definitively linked the illnesses to any specific e-cigarette product or ingredient, although health officials have expressed suspicions about the effects of inhaling vitamin E acetate, which is contained in some THC vaping products.
The FDA has urged consumers to avoid inhaling vitamin E acetate, buying vaping products on the street, using marijuana-derived oil with the products or modifying a store-bought vape product.
While e-cigarettes are marketed as tools to help smokers quit, health officials believe some companies are attracting a new generation of nicotine users.
Azar said recent data showed a surge in adolescent usage of e-cigarettes and that youth were drawn to flavours including mint and menthol. About 8 million U.S. adults use such cigarettes and 5 million children were doing so as well.
“This is exceptionally harmful to our children,” he said. “An entire generation of children risk becoming addicted to nicotine because of the attractiveness ... and availability of these vaping products.”
E-cigarette makers will still have the chance to demonstrate their flavoured products serve a public health purpose.
All such companies are required to submit applications to the FDA by next May demonstrating their products and proposed flavours provide a net public health benefit. The FDA, after reviewing those applications, could authorise companies to sell flavoured products if the agency is satisfied with the proposals.
Reporting by Jeff Mason in Washington and Chris Kirkham in Los Angeles; Additional reporting by Susan Heavey and Lisa Lambert in Washington; Editing by Bill Berkrot and Matthew Lewis