REUTERS - Indonesia has executed three members of Muslim militant group Jemaah Islamiah (JI) who were responsible for the 2002 Bali nightclub bombings in which 202 people died, an official at the attorney-general’s office said on Sunday.
The three men, Imam Samudra, Mukhlas and Amrozi, were executed on Nusakambangan island in central Java.
Here is an overview of the fate of some of the other members of JI, which aims to establish an Islamic caliphate in Southeast Asia.
* NOORDIN MOHAMMAD TOP — Accused of masterminding a series of deadly bombings, including the second Bali blasts in 2005 that killed more than 20 people, Malaysian-born Top is said to be JI’s leading strategist and a key financier. Indonesian police say they have often come close to capturing him.
* UMAR PATEK — Wanted for the 2002 Bali bombing that killed 202 people, JI member Patek is thought to have fled to the Philippines’ restive southern islands in 2003 with fellow accused Dulmatin. Both have been working with members of Abu Sayyaf, a Philippine group responsible for the country’s worst terror attack, a 2004 ferry bombing that killed over 100 people.
* MAS SELAMAT BIN KASTARI - The alleged Singapore JI leader escaped from a prison in the city-state in February 2008 and was said to be behind a plot, never implemented, to hijack a plane and crash it into Singapore’s Changi Airport. Singapore police believe Kastari is still in the city-state, but some analysts fear he fled to Indonesia where he could hook up with other JI members.
* DULMATIN — Believed to have fled to the Philippines in 2003 after being implicated in the 2002 Bali blasts, Dulmatin eluded authorities for years before he was reported wounded in a military raid on Jan. 31, 2008. In February, the Philippine military said they may have exhumed his body, although DNA tests have not confirmed this.
* ABU DUJANA — Indonesia’s most-wanted man when he was captured in central Java in June 2007, Abu Dujana was wanted in connection with bombings including the 2004 attack on the Australian embassy in Jakarta. He was not charged with a specific bomb attack and was sentenced to 15 years jail in April 2008 for harbouring militants and for possession of weapons. Police say Dujana headed a new JI military wing, called Sariyah or military company. Dujana denied any role in attacks blamed on JI, which the panel of three judges said was a “terrorist” organisation.
* RIDUAN ISAMUDDIN, ALSO KNOWN AS HAMBALI — One of a number of hardcore militants believed to have joined the group in Malaysia, Hambali was accused of planning the 2002 Bali bombings and captured in 2003. The Afghanistan-war veteran dubbed “the Osama bin Laden of Southeast Asia” was seen as the main link between JI and al Qaeda. He is now being held in Guantanamo Bay.
* MOHAMAD BAEHAQI, ALIAS LATIF — Philippine police arrested Latif, an Indonesian national they say is a JI member linked to bombings in 2006 which killed 20 people, in a Muslim rebel hideout on February 17 2008.
Captured and released:
* ABU BAKAR BASHIR — Accused of co-founding JI with the late Abdullah Sungkar after the two fled into exile in Malaysia in the early 1980s. Security officials and experts have said Bashir was the group’s spiritual leader, but he has consistently denied being part of it. The bearded preacher of Yemeni descent led an Islamic Youth movement before setting up the so-called “heart of JI”, the Al-Mukmin boarding school in Solo, Central Java, in the 1970s with Sungkar. Jailed for conspiracy in the 2002 Bali bombings, he was released in June 2006 and later cleared of wrongdoing.