India's diesel exports to weigh on Asia's refining margins

MUMBAI/SINGAPORE (Reuters) - Higher diesel exports from India will likely weigh on refining profit margins in Asia, analysts and traders said, as fuel demand growth is set to fall to its lowest in at least six years as the country’s economy stutters.

FILE PHOTO: A worker fills diesel in a car as he holds 500 Indian rupee banknotes at a fuel station in Kolkata, India, November 9, 2016. REUTERS/Rupak De Chowdhuri/File Photo

India's state-owned refiners, such as Indian Oil Corp IOC.NS, Bharat Petroleum Crop BPCL.NS and Hindustan Petroleum Corp HPCL.NS, used to buy in supplies from private companies to meet demand at the pump.

But a decline in diesel consumption, which accounts for about two-fifths of overall fuel demand, means that Bharat Petroleum Corp will export about 200,000 tonnes of diesel every month between November to March, its head of finance N. Vijayagopal said on Friday.

“We do not expect growth in diesel demand to improve any time soon, at least in this quarter and the next. So if the growth is going to be negative till the end of March 2020, then we will have to export diesel,” Vijayagopal told a news conference.

Moody’s Investors Service lowered India’s ratings outlook to “negative” from “stable” on Friday, warning of lower economic growth.

“Higher diesel exports from India will definitely weigh on Asian margins,” said Senthil Kumaran, oil markets consultant with Singapore-based consultancy FGE, which has cut its forecast for diesel demand in India by a third to 40,000 barrels per day in 2019.

Diesel cracks that had strengthened in anticipation of new marine fuel norms from January 2020 have eased since the start of September.

Asian refining profit margins for gasoil with 10ppm sulphur content GO10SGCKMc1 were at $15.34 a barrel over Dubai crude on Friday. The cracks for the benchmark gasoil grade in Singapore have shed about 20% since hitting a 4-1/2 year high of $19.14 a barrel in September.

State-run Indian Oil Corp IOC.NS and Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals MRPL.NS have also increased diesel exports.

“It does sound like a gasoil flood coming out of India... this would suppress the Asian gasoil cracks further,” according to a Singapore-based gasoil trader.

Asia’s third-largest economy expanded by just 5% in the June quarter, its slowest pace since 2013. Consumption of gasoil in an emerging economy such as India is linked to sectors such as automotive, that determine the nation’s overall growth, FGE’s Kumaran said.

India’s industrial output shrank at its fastest rate in more than six years in August, and passenger vehicle sales continued to decline for the eleventh straight months in September.

Writing by Nidhi Verma, editing by Louise Heavens