Wisconsin governor renews mask mandate despite court challenge as pandemic worsens

Healthcare & Pharma

Brendan O’Brien
Maria Caspani

(Reuters) - Wisconsin’s governor on Friday extended a statewide mask mandate despite a legal challenge from conservatives, renewing an emergency health order requiring face coverings in public spaces to curb an alarming surge in COVID-19 infections.

FILE PHOTO: A healthcare worker beckons incoming cars at a drive-thru COVID-19 testing site inside the Alliant Energy Center complex, as the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak continues in Madison, Wisconsin, U.S., October 31, 2020. REUTERS/Bing Guan
A healthcare worker holds a coronavirus disease (COVID-19) informational pamphlet for a resident at a drive-thru testing location in Houston, Texas, U.S., November 20, 2020. REUTERS/Adrees Latif
A woman and children wearing protective face masks, as the global outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) continues, leave a coronavirus disease (COVID-19) testing location in the Queens borough of New York, U.S., November 20, 2020. REUTERS/Shannon Stapleton
A woman walks with a protective face mask, as the global outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) continues, past a mural with a walking aid in New Rochelle, New York, U.S., November 20, 2020. REUTERS/Shannon Stapleton
Healthcare workers prepare specimen collection tubes at a coronavirus disease (COVID-19) drive-thru testing location in Houston, Texas, U.S., November 20, 2020. REUTERS/Adrees Latif

The new decree from Governor Tony Evers, a Democrat, came six months after a coronavirus stay-at-home order issued last spring was invalidated by the state Supreme Court in a lawsuit that Republican lawmakers brought against the lockdown.

The same court heard oral arguments on Monday in a similar lawsuit brought by a prominent Wisconsin conservative donor contesting Evers’ authority to impose an earlier face-covering mandate, which is due to expire on Saturday.

Although medical experts insist that masks are one of the most effective means for breaking the transmission cycle of the highly contagious respiratory virus, mask-wearing has become deeply politicized.

Many Republican politicians, led by President Donald Trump, have belittled or criticized face coverings as an infringement of personal freedom. Democratic President-elect Joe Biden has called masking a “patriotic duty” that he favors mandating nationally.

Statewide mask requirements have been adopted by more than 30 governors at some point during the pandemic, according to the American Association of Retired Persons.

Evers’ decision to extend Wisconsin’s mask order for another 60 days marked the latest in a flurry of new restrictions by state and local officials nationwide to bring down COVID-19 cases soaring out of control again with the onset of winter.

Public health experts say greater social mixing and indoor gatherings as the weather turns colder ahead of the holiday season is fueling a worsening contagion, putting already strained healthcare systems further under siege.

“Wisconsin hospitals are overwhelmed and facing staffing shortages,” Evers said in a press release. More than a third are operating at peak capacity, with COVID patients occupying about a third of all intensive care unit beds, he said.

Average daily case numbers are running at more than 6,200, nearly double the case loads seen a month ago, Evers said.

His new health order requires everyone to wear masks in enclosed spaces except at home when no one from outside the household is present. Enclosed spaces are defined as including outdoor bars and restaurants and public transportation.

Children younger than 5 years of age are exempt, as are individuals who have breathing difficulties.

TOILET PAPER PANIC RETURNS

While hospital beds are filling up with COVID-19 patients, renewed clamp-downs on social and economic life across the country have stoked a resurgence of another ominous sign from the early days of the outbreak - panic buying.

Walmart WMT.N on Friday said it was "seeing pockets of lower-than-normal availability" for toilet paper and cleaning supplies in some communities.

Shoppers in a half dozen U.S. cities told Reuters that disinfecting wipes were sold out at some major discount retailers and major grocery chains.

Earlier in the day, Dr. Deborah Birx, a member of the White House coronavirus task force, appealed to Americans to avoid unnecessary travel and limit social gatherings during next week’s Thanksgiving holiday.

Birx said more than half the United States has been designated as a COVID-19 “red zone,” where the virus is rampant, and urged Americans to include only immediate family in Thanksgiving celebrations next Thursday.

“This is faster, it is broader and what worries me - it could be longer,” Birx told CNN. “I think it’s on all of us right now to make sure it’s not longer.”

TROUBLING DATA

The single-day death toll on Thursday surpassed 2,000 for the first time since late June, according to a Reuters tally of public health data. The seven-day rolling average of daily new COVID-19 cases reached more than 165,000 on Thursday.

The number of patients hospitalized with COVID-19 has jumped nearly 50% in the past two weeks, with more than 81,000 people being treated for the disease in hospitals as of late Friday, the most at any time during the pandemic. Hospitalizations have reached record highs in 29 states in November.

In a positive sign, Pfizer Inc PFE.N said it would seek emergency-use authorization of its COVID-19 vaccine from U.S. regulators, the first such application.

Final trial results reported this week showed Pfizer’s vaccine 95% effective in preventing COVID-19 with no major safety concerns.

In the meantime, a growing number of Americans worried whether renewed public appeals to avoid crowds, wash hands and wear masks went far enough.

“I’m not optimistic that people will adhere to the numerous warnings,” Emily Handel, 44, a recruiter and mother of three young children in Columbus, Ohio, told Reuters. “A lot of people think they are an exception, it’s not going to happen to them.”

Although COVID-19 restrictions have received more bipartisan support from state leaders in recent weeks, South Dakota Governor Kristin Nome, a Republican and close Trump ally, refused to limit gatherings on Thanksgiving.

“In South Dakota, we won’t stop or discourage you from thanking God and spending time together this Thanksgiving,” Nome said in a statement on Friday.

The University of Washington’s Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation updated its widely cited COVID-19 forecast model on Thursday, projecting U.S. coronavirus deaths climbing to 471,000 by March.