* Survivors increasingly desperate
* Thai Prime Minister fails to persuade junta on aid workers
* EU official fears starvation, water pollution
* United States positioned to supply more aid (Updates death toll, adds Dutch foreign minister comment)
By Aung Hla Tun
YANGON, May 14 (Reuters) - The 1.5 million people left destitute by Myanmar’s cyclone are in increasing danger of disease and starvation, experts said on Wednesday, but its ruling junta rejected a Thai request to admit more aid workers.
Thai Prime Minister Samak Sundaravej said he was told Myanmar can “tackle the problem by themselves” during a 2-½ hour meeting in Yangon where he urged his counterpart Thein Sein to ease visa rules for relief workers.
Nearly two weeks after Cyclone Nargis swept through the heavily populated Irrawaddy delta rice bowl, leaving up to 100,000 people dead or missing, foreign aid still amounted to little more than a trickle as the generals resisted efforts to open up to more foreign workers and equipment.
Myanmar’s prime minister “insisted that his country with 60 million people has a government, its people and the private sector to tackle the problem by themselves,” Samak told reporters after returning to Bangkok.
“They are confident of dealing with the problem by themselves. There are no outbreaks of diseases, no starvation, no famine. They don’t need experts, but are willing to get aid supplies from every country,” Samak said.
Louis Michel, the top European Union aid official, disagreed.
“There is a risk of water pollution. There is a risk of starvation because the storages of rice have been destroyed,” he told reporters in Bangkok before flying to Yangon to seek better access for international aid workers and relief efforts.
“We want to convince the authorities of our good faith. We are there for humanitarian reasons,” he said, throwing cold water on suggestions foreign countries move unilaterally on aid.
Even so, one EU member said on Wednesday it was time to act.
“If need be, the international community must force the Burmese regime to let more help and relief workers in,” Dutch Foreign Minister Maxime Verhagen said.
Reports a tropical depression swirling southwest of Yangon which could develop into a major storm sparked concerns a new tragedy was in the making.
But the United Nations weather agency discounted the fears, saying while rain and winds were expected in Myanmar, there was no sign of a new cyclone forming in the Bay of Bengal region.
“With the monsoon season approaching, this type of weather will continue and periods of intensive rainfall will become more frequent,” the World Meteorological Organisation said in a statement released in Geneva.
Myanmar state television raised its official toll to 38,491 dead, 1,403 injured and 27,838 missing on Wednesday, but independent experts say far more people probably died.
In a gesture to critics, Myanmar’s reclusive military rulers invited 160 personnel from Bangladesh, China, India and Thailand to assist in delayed and sometimes chaotic relief efforts.
But that is a fraction of the thousands of foreign aid workers needed for a “tsunami-style” international aid operation.
“It’s just awful. People are in just desperate need, begging as vehicles go past,” Gordon Bacon, an emergency coordinator for the International Rescue Committee, told Reuters from Yangon.
Some foreign aid workers who have reached Myanmar have been restricted to cobbling together assessment reports in Yangon for donors, based on what local staff tell them.
One group of Christian doctors has been treating children in churches, under the government’s radar.
“People all over the world want to help Myanmar but the government is blocking medical teams.
“But we have to try to do something,” said one Asian doctor from the group, giving out medicine to children for diarrhoea in a rickety wooden church in a village just north of Yangon.
Experts say the relief effort is only delivering a tenth of the needed supplies. Getting it to the low-lying delta area has been complicated by poor equipment, bad weather and government intransigence.
Heavy rains have slowed transportation of aid by land and added to the misery of tens of thousands of refugees packed into monasteries, schools and pagodas.
Lacking food, water and sanitation, survivors face the threat of killer diseases such as cholera.
“We have been told by Burmese doctors they have lots of patients with severely infected wounds and they are being hit by outbreaks of communicable diseases like diarrhoea,” senior Thai health official Doctor Surachet Satitniramai said.
He told Reuters Thailand will send a medical team of 30 with 10 tonnes of supplies and equipment to work for two weeks.
Despite those and other efforts, operations in Myanmar are a shadow of the massive international relief operation kickstarted just days after the 2004 Asian tsunami.
The United States alone deployed thousands of its military and more than a dozen ships in the Indian Ocean.
So far the U.S. military has made a total of eight aid flights into Yangon, an official said.
“We don’t have confirmation of future flights yet but we are very optimistic,” said Colonel Douglas Powell.
Three U.S. naval ships were in international waters off Myanmar waiting for a go-ahead from Myanmar’s generals.
“We just hope that the Burmese government will ask us to do more because we have so much more capability. (Additional reporting by Darren Schuettler, Nopporn Wong-Anan, Carmel Crimmins amd Pracha Hariraksapitak in BANGKOK) (Writing by Jerry Norton; Editing by Valerie Lee) (For more stories on Myanmar cyclone click on [nSP152717] or follow the link to Reuters AlertNet http://www.alertnet.org)