MAPUTO (Reuters) - Pope Francis urged the people of Mozambique on Thursday to nurture their hard-earned peace and strive to provide equal opportunities for all so as not to slip back into civil war.
Francis addressed President Filipe Nyusi of the ruling Frelimo party and leaders of the Renamo opposition at the colonial-style presidential palace, where peacocks roamed lush gardens in contrast to bustling streets outside.
The two sides in the former Portuguese colony fought a 15-year civil war that ended in 1992 and killed about a million people. But only last month did they sign a permanent ceasefire.
“In the course of these years, you have come to realize how the pursuit of lasting peace – a mission incumbent upon all – calls for strenuous, constant and unremitting effort. For peace is like a delicate flower, struggling to blossom on the stony ground of violence,” the pope told them.
Some fear that as the country of 28 million people approaches new elections scheduled for next month, violence could break out, particularly in rural areas where the former rebels have more sway.
Ossufo Momade, leader of Renamo, was in the audience for the papal address and received a round of applause when the president mentioned him.
In his address to the pope, the president vowed to help build a nation “where non-violence becomes a culture lived by all.”
But Francis said if they wanted lasing peace, leaders had to discourage fanaticism and strive to improve conditions for the marginalized. “Without equal opportunities, the different forms of aggression and conflict will find a fertile terrain,” said the pope, who arrived in Mozambique on Wednesday night.
According to the U.N. World Food Programme (WFP), 80% of Mozambique’s population cannot afford minimum costs for an adequate diet.
Myrta Kaulard, the United Nations Resident Coordinator in Mozambique who attended the meeting, said Francis’ message would give a “positive boost,” but so would his mere presence, noting the last time Mozambique was in the spotlight was for cyclones that killed more that a thousand people in March.
“It’s definitely a good day for peace and reconciliation,” said Kaulard.
Francis also touched on environmental problems, another big theme of the trip that will take him on to Madagascar and Mauritius.
He said Mozambicans should be vigilant against pillaging and unethical exploitation of natural resources “driven by a greed generally not cultivated even by the inhabitants of these lands, nor motivated by the common good of your people”.
According to the World Bank, Mozambique has lost 8 million hectares of forest, about the size of Portugal, since the 1970s.
As Asian supplies of valuable hardwoods like rosewood used to make luxury furniture have been depleted, Chinese importers have shifted to Africa. Mozambique is currently the 10th largest supplier of rosewood to China, according to Chinese customs data cited by U.S.-based non-profit group Forest Trends.
Francis later presided at an inter-religious meeting with young people, where he urged them to help write a new page of Mozambican history, thanked priests and nuns in the Maputo cathedral for their work with the needy, and made an evening visit to a Church-run centre that feeds street children.
On Friday morning, he is due to visit an AIDS hospital run by the Sant’ Egidio Community, which helped negotiate the end of the civil war. He says Mass at the national stadium before leaving for Madagascar, where he is expected to discuss environmental dangers facing the world’s fourth-largest island.
Reporting by Philip Pullella; Editing by Andrew Cawthorne