February 7, 2020 / 7:34 PM / 11 days ago

Factbox: Key facts about diving at the Tokyo 2020 Games

(Reuters) - The 2020 Tokyo Olympics includes 33 sports. Diving, one of the oldest sports in the modern Games, is one of the aquatic events.

FILE PHOTO: An interior view of Tokyo Aquatics Centre, the venue for Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games swimming and diving events, in Tokyo, Japan, November 21, 2019. REUTERS/Jack Tarrant

Here are some key facts about Olympic diving.

Introduced: Diving first featured in the 1904 Olympics, and the women’s event was added in 1912.

Events: There are eight diving events split between men and women who compete in individual or two-person synchronised dives off 10-metre platform and 3-metre springboard diving platforms.

Scoring: Individual dives are evaluated by a panel of seven judges, while synchronised dives are rated by 11 judges. Scores range from 0-10 based on the execution and degree of difficulty.

The highest and lowest scores from a competitor’s six dives are discarded, while the rest are weighted for difficulty.

Performing a dive: There are five elements to a dive, each evaluated as part of the overall score a diver receives. They are: starting position, approach, take off, flight (including overall height achieved), and entry into the water.

Types of dives: There are four main body positions a diver can use during flight — straight, pike, tuck and free.

Common mistakes: Judges can deduct points for poor posture prior to the dive, dives too close to the board and dives that fail to reach a sufficient height. Entry into the water is also scrutinised with excessive splash the main sign of a less-than-optimal dive.

Medal winners at the Rio 2016 Games: China dominated at the last Olympics, taking home gold in the four women’s events and in three of the four men’s competitions. Britain claimed gold in the men’s 3-metre synchronised springboard.

Sources: FINA, the International Olympic Committee (IOC), Team USA

Graphic: Diving, here

Reporting by Amy Tennery; editing by Ken Ferris

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