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FACTBOX: Brazil marks 100 years of Japanese immigration
June 18, 2008 / 4:43 PM / 9 years ago

FACTBOX: Brazil marks 100 years of Japanese immigration

(Reuters) - Brazil celebrates 100 years of Japanese immigration on Wednesday. Following are some key dates of the immigration, facts and figures.

* November 1907 - Ryu Mizuno, director of the Empire Emigration Company (Kokoku Shokumin Kaisha), signs the agreement that paves the way for first wave of Japanese immigrants to Brazil.

* April 28, 1908 - The Kasato Maru ship departs the port of Kobe with 781 people on board.

* June 18, 1908 - The Kasato Maru reaches Santos port in Sao Paulo state and the newly arrived immigrants are sent to work on six different farms, mostly coffee plantations.

* January 1930 - First wave of Japanese immigrants arrives in Brazil’s Amazon region to help grow guarana. They later venture into jute and black pepper production.

* 1932 - The number of Japanese immigrants passes 130,000, with nearly 90 percent of them working on farms.

* 1934 - President Getulio Vargas imposes quotas on immigration to Brazil as part of a nationalist drive.

* 1938 - Brazil’s government imposes restrictions on cultural and educational activities of immigrants, including those from Japan, because of tensions ahead of the start of World War Two.

* 1952 - Brazil and Japan resume diplomatic ties after a hiatus caused by World War Two.

* December 1959 - Shipyard Ishikawajima do Brasil, known as Ishibras, begins operations, the first of many industrial investments resulting from bilateral accords between Japan and Brazil.

* 1967 - Japanese companies including Toshiba and NEC begin investing in Brazil.

* June 17, 2008 - Japan’s Crown Prince Naruhito arrives in Brazil for the official celebration of the anniversary.

* Brazil has the largest community of Japanese outside of Japan, with about 1.5 million people.

* There are about 250,000 Brazilians in Japan, mostly factory workers. The so-called dekasseguis send an estimated $2 billion a year to their families in Brazil.

Reporting by Elzio Barreto in Sao Paulo, editing by Todd Eastham

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