BRUSSELS/FRANKFURT (Reuters) - Euro zone inflation jumped far more than expected in May on higher energy costs, offering relief to the European Central Bank after market turbulence that has jeopardized its planned exit from a lavish stimulus program.
Inflation in the 19 countries sharing the euro rose to 1.9 percent from 1.2 percent in April, EU statistics office Euros tat said on Thursday, well above expectations for a 1.6 percent increase, as surging oil prices quickly fed through to consumers.
Excluding volatile energy and unprocessed food prices, inflation was 1.3 percent, from 1.1 percent in April. Another core inflation measure, also excluding alcohol and tobacco, was 1.1 percent in May, from 0.7 percent in April.
The ECB has a mandate to keep inflation below but close to 2 percent, a task that has proven challenging as, even with economic growth on its best run in a decade, price pressures have remained stubbornly subdued.
The ECB has spent months setting up investors for an end to its 2.55 trillion euros ($3 trillion) bond purchase scheme.
However, political crises in Italy and, potentially, Spain risk reigniting market turbulence on the bloc’s periphery and derailing the bank’s exit strategy.
Indeed, ten-year Italian yields IT10YT=RR surged to a four-year high this week with Spanish, Portuguese and Greek yields also moving higher. The ECB has already amassed 2 trillion euros worth of sovereign debt and will stay in the market at least until the end of September.
Economists at ING noted that the conundrum faced by the ECB was not made any easier by Thursday’s data, as core inflation was still low and they faced possible economic shocks from a looming trade war with the United States and political uncertainty.
“After years of pushing for inflation to return to just under 2 percent, it could not have come at a more difficult time,” ING wrote in a note to clients.
But policymakers have long argued that the bank’s mandate is to oversee inflation, not help countries out of difficulties, suggesting little appetite now to give up plans to normalize policy.
ECB board members Benoit Coeure and Sabine Lautenschlaeger both made the case in recent days for ending bond purchases this year and Thursday’s data is likely to support their case.
While policymakers tend to look past oil price shocks, some of them privately argue that the inflation rise over the coming months may bolster their case to end the bond buys even if they know the surge is temporary and the actual inflation picture is more benign.
The ECB will next meet on June 14 when it publishes fresh economic projections, but a decision on whether to wind down the asset buys is more likely to come at the July 26 meeting.
While investors are near unanimous in expecting the ECB to end bond purchases by December after a short taper, forecasts for the bank’s first rate hike have shifted quite sharply in recent weeks, from around next April to possibly as late as September.
Eurostat’s first estimate of inflation does not include a month-on-month figure.
In a separate release, Euros tat said unemployment in the euro zone fell to 8.5 percent in April from an upwardly revised 8.6 percent in March. A Reuters poll of economists had on average expected a drop to 8.4 percent.
Reporting by Robert-Jan Bartunek; editing by Philip Blenkinsop and John Stonestreet