NEW YORK (Reuters) - The dollar fell on Monday as investors pared long bets on the greenback and rebalanced their positions ahead of Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell’s first congressional testimony.
Powell will testify on the economy and monetary policy before the U.S. Senate Banking Committee on Tuesday, followed by testimony on Wednesday to the House of Representatives Financial Services Committee. He is likely to reiterate the Fed’s gradual monetary policy tightening, although any suggestion of caution on trade could unravel the market’s appetite for risk, analysts said.
Powell “is very scripted and to the point and doesn’t really shoot off the hip a lot,” said John Doyle, vice president of dealing and trading at Tempus Consulting in Washington. “So I think what he says is going to be fairly consistent for those two days, and there won’t be any kind of major hint or slip-up or anything like that.”
Doyle said he will be interested to see if Powell makes any comments on global trade tensions and how that would affect the outlook for interest rates.
The dollar has benefited from expectations of further interest rate increases this year as well as a growing belief that the United States is better placed than its major rivals to withstand a potential disruption in global trade.
Outstanding U.S. dollar bets are at their highest levels since March 2017, with the latest weekly data showing yet another increase in positions. Speculators were net long dollars for a fourth consecutive week, after being net short for 48 straight weeks.
In late trading, the dollar fell 0.2 percent against a basket of six major currencies to 94.526 .DXY, sliding for a second straight session.
The dollar briefly pared losses after data showed U.S. retail sales rose 0.5 percent in June, as households boosted purchases of automobiles and a range of other goods.
The uptrend on the dollar remained intact. Since hitting a more than three-year low against a basket of major currencies in February, the dollar .DXY has gained nearly 8 percent.
The dollar’s growing inverse correlation with global risk appetite has also fueled a near 6 percent rise in the greenback over the last three months.
Monday’s bounce in European stocks, led by strong results from Deutsche Bank (DBKGn.DE), snapped that trend.
A rebound in global risk appetite on Monday, despite some tepid Chinese economic data, dampened fears about the escalating trade conflict between Beijing and Washington and boosted higher-yielding currencies. [MKTS/GLOB]
The euro EUR=, meanwhile, rose 0.2 percent against the dollar, to $1.1708, after weakening half a percent last week.
Reporting by Gertrude Chavez-Dreyfuss; Additional reporting by James Thorne; Editing by Jonathan Oatis and Leslie Adler