for-phone-onlyfor-tablet-portrait-upfor-tablet-landscape-upfor-desktop-upfor-wide-desktop-up
Health

Factbox: AstraZeneca's potential coronavirus vaccine

(Reuters) - Trial data for AstraZeneca and University of Oxford’s possible coronavirus vaccine could be given to regulators this year, a scientist leading the trials said on Tuesday.

FILE PHOTO: The company logo for pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca is displayed on a screen on the floor at the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) in New York, U.S., April 8, 2019. REUTERS/Brendan McDermid/File Photo

Drugmakers are racing to combat the pandemic, which has killed about 810,000 people and infected roughly 24 million.

There are no approved vaccines for COVID-19, but AstraZeneca’s vaccine is widely seen as one of the leading candidates, with reports that the United States is aiming for a fastrack approval before the November presidential election.

The company has been granted protection from future product liability claims related to the vaccine by most of the countries with which it has so far struck supply agreements, a senior executive told Reuters.

Below are the main details of the vaccine and its supply and production deals.

TYPE

- The shot, called AZD1222 or ChAdOx1 nCoV-19, is a recombinant viral vector vaccine developed by Oxford University.

- It was licensed to AstraZeneca in April.

- The vaccine candidate uses a weakened version of a chimpanzee common-cold virus that encodes instructions for making proteins from the novel coronavirus to build immunity.

PROTECTION DURATION

- The shot is likely to provide protection for about a year, and the company is leaning towards a two-dose strategy for the potential vaccine.

EXPECTED COST

- AstraZeneca says it will be able to manufacture the vaccine at a few dollars per dose.

- Pricing in Latin America, while still not final, is not expected to exceed $4 per dose, said AstraZeneca’s Mexico head.

- India’s Serum Institute said it will price the shot at $3 per dose for the country and other emerging economies.

- According to Italy’s health ministry, an AZD1222 shot would cost about 2.5 euros ($2.8) per dose in Europe.

- AstraZeneca does not expect to profit from the vaccine candidate during the pandemic.

- Costs in other regions have not been disclosed.

TRIALS

- AstraZeneca’s CEO said good data had come in so far on the vaccine, after early-stage trials showed it was safe and produced an immune response.

- Trials at different stages are underway in Britain, Brazil, South Africa, United States and India. Russia has okayed trials as well.

- Talks are ongoing with Mexico, and a smaller early-stage study is being conducted in South Africa to see how the vaccine works in those with HIV.

TIMELINE

- Data could be given to regulators this year.

- The vaccine could be rolled out by year-end, but there is no certainty of that, the lead developer said in July.

- Data from late-stage studies is expected around September.

- Delivery of the first doses is expected between September and October.

- Experts have predicted a safe and effective vaccine could take 12-18 months to develop.

TARGET DOSES

- 3 billion currently.

TIE-UPS

- Even before conclusive evidence of the vaccine’s success or failure, AstraZeneca has signed deals to produce and supply the shot. With U.S. backing, the company also tied up with IQVIA in July to speed up trials.

AstraZeneca is also in talks with Spain.

Reporting by Pushkala Aripaka in Bengaluru; Additional reporting by Tanishaa Nadkar; Editing by Jan Harvey and Mark Potter

for-phone-onlyfor-tablet-portrait-upfor-tablet-landscape-upfor-desktop-upfor-wide-desktop-up