The disappointing results come as much of the U.S. oil industry has been recovering from a three-year downturn in the energy sector, bolstered by higher production and crude prices.
Exxon’s troubles highlight ongoing issues the company has been having to boost operations, whereas Chevron’s miss was fueled by a slight rise in expenses that likely will not be repeated, analysts said.
Exxon shares fell 2.5 percent to $82.09 shortly after midday, while Chevron's recovered from an early drop and were up about 2 percent at $126.34. Both stocks are components of the Dow Jones Industrial Average .DJI.
The results were particularly weak at Exxon, which has been trying to boost operations in a bid to revive a stock price trading at about the same level it was a decade ago.
“Exxon’s definitely sticking out like a sore thumb right now,” said Edward Jones energy analyst Brian Youngberg. “It’s just hard to find anything good in the quarter.”
Despite rising oil prices CLc1LCOc1, Exxon’s production dropped 7 percent and it spent more than $600 million to upgrade refineries in France, Canada, Texas and Saudi Arabia.
Exxon called the quarter a “challenging” one for its operations and “well below market expectations.”
Neil Chapman, an Exxon executive and member of the company’s management committee, said he is “not happy” about the ongoing refinery maintenance, adding there is “nothing systemic” about the repairs that would reveal weakness in the refining division.
“We are absolutely all over these reliability incidents,” Chapman said on a conference call with investors.
Exxon earned 92 cents per share, while analysts expected earnings of $1.27 per share, according to Thomson Reuters I/B/E/S.
At Chevron, oil production rose 2 percent and profit spiked, but higher corporate expenses surprised Wall Street. Still, the company announced a $3 billion stock buyback program, long awaited by Wall Street.
“We believe annual share repurchases of $3 billion can be sustained over most reasonable price scenarios,” Chevron Chief Financial Officer Pat Yarrington told investors on a conference call.
Chevron earned $1.78 per share, while analysts expected $2.09 per share, according to Thomson Reuters I/B/E/S.
Royal Dutch Shell (RDSa.AS), a key rival, posted second-quarter profit on Thursday far below forecasts due in part to weakness in refining.
British oil major BP Plc (BP.L) is set to report quarterly results next week. On Thursday it agreed to buy U.S. shale oil and gas assets from global miner BHP Billiton BLT.L(BHP.AX) for $10.5 billion.
Reporting by Ernest Scheyder; Editing by Nick Zieminski and James Dalgleish