BERNE (Reuters) - Switzerland should again allow its currency to trade freely once deflationary pressures ease and growth picks up, the IMF said, while giving no more precise indication when the six-month-old cap on the franc should be lifted.
As part of its annual evaluation of the Swiss economy, the results of which were published on Tuesday, the International Monetary Fund also recommended the Swiss encourage big banks to improve their capital faster.
The Swiss National Bank imposed a cap of 1.20 per euro on the soaring safe-haven franc on September 6, citing the risk of deflation and recession.
Yet the economy has escaped a severe downturn and the SNB last week doubled its 2012 growth forecast to 1 percent, though it still sees falling prices this year.
IMF Mission Chief Enrica Detragiache said introducing the cap on the franc had been appropriate, given the currency’s rapid appreciation, but she added the ceiling on the franc should not be permanent.
“The challenge for our colleagues at the Swiss National Bank is to manage a gradual, graceful exit,” Detragiache said at a news conference, adding that the Swiss economy should stabilise assuming no further shocks in the euro zone.
“The precise timing is tricky,” she also said, declining to spell out under what precise conditions the exit should happen.
Thomas Moser, the deputy SNB board member who has taken a seat on the governing board on an interim basis since Philipp Hildebrand resigned as chairman in January, said the central bank agreed with the IMF’s conclusions.
Left-wing politicians and trade unions have called for the SNB to move the cap closer to 1.30 per euro as exporters and the tourism industry continue to struggle with the strong currency, but that is seen as unlikely as the economy turns around.
Switzerland had to bail out flagship bank UBS UBSN.VX in 2008 and is now requiring UBS and rival Credit Suisse CSGN.VX to meet capital standards that go above and beyond the new Basel III global rules.
The so-called “Swiss Finish” is expected to come into effect fully in 2019.
Striking a note similar to that of the SNB, which has led the push for the strict requirements, the IMF said big Swiss banks needed to do more.
“We would welcome faster progress in raising capital levels at the major Swiss banks,” Detragiache said.
With Swiss monetary policy ultra-loose and domestic demand solid, real estate prices have defied the global downturn and posted strong rises in recent years.
The SNB has warned of overheating, particularly around Zurich and Geneva.
With a degree of cooling off warranted, Switzerland should impose affordability limits on mortgages, Detragiache said, adding that tax breaks on mortgage interest rate payments could be cancelled.
For the housing market overall, although it was always difficult to predict the top of the market in advance, there was no immediate cause for alarm, Detragiache said,
“I don’t think we in Switzerland are at the peak of a bubble or close to the peak of a bubble,” she said.
The Swiss government is in the process of evaluating measures to take the heat off mortgage lending and is expected to have finalized them before its summer break, said Alexander Karrrer, deputy state secretary at the finance ministry.
Reporting by Catherine Bosley; editing by Stephen Nisbet