Jan 5 (Reuters) - U.S. states that will most acutely feel the sting of a new federal cap on state and local tax deductions are starting to take action, with California considering a bill to use charitable donations to soften the blow.
The California legislation, introduced on Thursday by Democratic Senate President Pro Tempore Kevin de León, would allow residents to donate to a new state public-purpose “excellence fund” and receive a dollar-for-dollar tax credit in return. De Leon says taxpayers would then be able to deduct the donation from their federal taxes.
Democratic governors in New York and Connecticut have raised the possibility of challenging the constitutionality of the cap. New York Governor Andrew Cuomo said he was developing a plan to restructure the state’s payroll tax system.
California, along with other states with high income and property taxes, are scrambling to deal with the $10,000 federal deduction cap imposed by a sweeping tax bill passed by congressional Republicans and signed into law last month by President Donald Trump.
“The Republican tax plan gives corporations and hedge-fund managers a trillion-dollar tax cut and expects California taxpayers to foot the bill,” de León said in a statement. “We won’t allow California residents to be the casualty of this disastrous tax scheme.”
About 6 million California taxpayers, a third of the total, itemized deductions on their tax returns, claiming an average of $18,438 for state and local taxes, according to a fact sheet on the legislation.
The excellence fund would be created by the proposed legislation and exist within the state’s general fund, according to de Leon’s office. The bill did not provide details on how money in the fund would be used.
Because states are not registered as charities, their tax codes would have to be modified for them to be considered charitable organizations, said Joseph Callahan, a lawyer with Mackay, Caswell & Callahan in New York.
“I’m scratching my head at how that would work,” he said. “From (a U.S. Internal Revenue Service) perspective, it is against public policy; it is against the intention of the Congress.”
An IRS spokesman on Friday declined to comment on the California bill.
The bill’s fact sheet said California and other states had created tax credit programs to fund access to college and private education.
White House economic adviser Gary Cohn said the federal government might try to block attempts to circumvent the cap, Bloomberg reported on Friday. (Reporting by Karen Pierog and Stephanie Kelly; Additional reporting by Robin Respaut; Editing by Daniel Bases and Lisa Von Ahn)