CHRONOLOGY - Five key dates in the race to the moon

Wed Oct 22, 2008 11:05am IST

Storm clouds are seen covering the full moon over Malta in this September 15, 2008 file photo. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi/Files

Storm clouds are seen covering the full moon over Malta in this September 15, 2008 file photo.

Credit: Reuters/Darrin Zammit Lupi/Files

Related Topics

Priyanka Gandhi Vadra, daughter of Congress party chief Sonia Gandhi, adjusts her flower garlands as she campaigns for her mother during an election meeting at Rae Bareli in Uttar Pradesh April 22, 2014. REUTERS/Pawan Kumar

Election 2014

More than 814 million people — a number larger than the population of Europe — are eligible to vote in the world’s biggest democratic exercise.  Full Coverage 

Reuters - India launched its first unmanned lunar mission on Wednesday joining China and India in a race among Asian nations to explore the lunar surface.

Here are some key dates in lunar exploration.

-- Jan. 2, 1959: Sphere-shaped Soviet spacecraft Luna 1 becomes the first spacecraft to orbit the moon. A series of similarly successful Soviet launches follow, with Luna 2 becoming the first manmade craft to crash into the moon on Sept. 14, 1959.

-- April 26, 1962: The U.S. spacecraft Ranger 4, designed to transmit pictures of the moon's surface back to earth before impacting the surface, becomes the first U.S. spacecraft to crash into the moon. An onboard computer failure causes it to impact the far side of the moon without returning any scientific data.

-- Feb. 3, 1966: The Soviet Union's Luna 9 makes the world's first soft landing on the moon's surface in the Ocean of Storms. It is also the first to transmit photographic data back to earth, providing a panoramic view of the moon's surface.

-- July 20, 1969: U.S. astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin land on the moon. Armstrong, the first to set foot on the lunar surface, broadcast the message, "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." Twelve astronauts walked on the moon in the U.S. space agency's Apollo programme, the last in 1972.

-- Jan. 24, 1990: A cylindrical Japanese spacecraft, Hiten, carries a small satellite into space to test and verify technologies for future missions to the moon and planets. It is intentionally crashed into the lunar surface on April 10, 1993. Japan returns to the moon in 2007, with the Selenological and Engineering Explorer (SELENE).

(here)

FILED UNDER:
Comments (0)
This discussion is now closed. We welcome comments on our articles for a limited period after their publication.

  • Most Popular
  • Most Shared

REUTERS SHOWCASE

Iran Oil Payment

Iran Oil Payment

India to make May-July oil payments to Iran - sources  Full Article 

Ferry Tragedy

Ferry Tragedy

Children's corpses in Korean ferry reveal desperate attempts to escape.  Full Article 

Ukraine Crisis

Ukraine Crisis

Russia says it will respond if Ukraine interests attacked.  Full Article 

Reassuring Allies

Reassuring Allies

Obama seeks to ease Asian allies' doubts during visit to Japan.  Full Article 

Moyes Speaks

Moyes Speaks

Sacked Moyes thanks Ferguson for Man Utd opportunity.  Full Article 

Mobile Ads

Mobile Ads

Google extends reach into mobile apps with new ad feature.  Full Article 

Allegations Denied

Allegations Denied

Allegations of teen sex abuse by three Hollywood execs denied.  Full Article 

Need for Speed

Need for Speed

United must move fast with vital window looming.  Article 

Reuters India Mobile

Reuters India Mobile

Get the latest news on the go. Visit Reuters India on your mobile device.  Full Coverage